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Well spaced formed and even teats are important on breeding sows.

Standard of Excellence Taken From APBA Pig Herd Book

Neck, Shoulders, Chest

Neck - Moderate length free from crest, proportionately and evenly set to give smooth coupling with head and chest.

Shoulders - Level, in proportion to body, medium width, free from coarseness and blending with the rest of the body. Allowance can be made for shield of aged boars.

Chest- Wide between front legs with capacity derived from width and length rather than depth.

Back and Sides

Back - slightly arched, wide and even from neck to rump. Loin broad, full and strong, blending with line of sides. Ribs well sprung. No break in the loin

Sides - Long, even and well let down to flank.

Belly - Full but not flabby with straight underline. Six or more prominent, workable well-spaced teats on each side for Sows

.Objections - Dummy teats and inverted nipples in both sexes.

Testicles should be well developed and even in size and firmly set.

Hams, Rump, Tail

Hams - Broad, full and deep to hocks, well fleshed on inside.

Rump - Medium length, broad, straight or only slightly sloping. Tail - Set high.

Legs, Feet, Pasterns

Legs - Straight and well set, level with the outside of the body, with strong bone.and good angle avoid pigs that are too straight through the shoulder or hind limb as this leads to unsoundness

Feet - Strong, closed and even toed

Pasterns - Strong and firm. Action - straight and free-flowing.

Objections - Crooked legs and small inside or outside toes.

Character and Breed Type

A combination of the above definitions type, quality and breeding. Masculinity in the case of boars and femininity in the case of gilts.

It is also essential to consider the traits that are peculiar to the breed that you are looking at and make sure it is true to type.

Ear Set

The most common difference between the breeds is ear set and this can be heavily influenced by crossbreeding so can be an indicator that an animal is not pure. Large Blacks in particular have a distinctive large ear that should reach to the tip of the nose , although a lop it is distinct from the saddleback or landrace ear which offer the animal much better visibility.. Berkshires and Tamworths have erect pricked ears and a slightly forward inclination is often evidenced in older stock. Large Whites and Hampshires also have pricked ears , whereas the Duroc has what is referred to as a broken ear which has a fold in it.

Color and Markings

The animals coat should be fine and free from wrinkles or whorls. Black hairs or skin pigmentation (white pigs, landraces, tamworths) are discouraged in lighter colored breeds although one finds that outdoor pigs will develop pigmentation sometimes (particularly noticeable in the pink skin on a saddle) this is nature’s way of sun protecting .Wessex saddlebacks should have a continuous band of white stretching over the shoulder and extending to the front legs, socks on the hind legs are heavily discouraged but do occur , this may be evidence of past infusion of Hampshires which can have hind socks, or the Essex breed which does also. Tamworths should have a light fringing of hair on the edges of the ears and the tail and exhibit no white or black. Berkshires must have six white points ie face,four socks and tip of tail, splashes of white on the belly or under the chin are discouraged.

The standard of excellence shall be used in the light of known requirements of the bacon and pork trade.